Tuesday, May 31, 2011

ONE | Brooke Riley

ONE | Brooke Riley: "snapshot of the health of the world and provides an overall gut check of where we stand in reaching the Millennium Development Goals (MDG). Consider this to be the abridged version:

The Good:

Child mortality continues to decline globally and the rate of decline has doubled since 2000
Global access to safe drinking-water has increased to 87%- on track to meet the MDG target
The number of women dying from complications during pregnancy and childbirth has decreased by 34% since 1990
Immunization coverage levels of the measles vaccine are at unprecedented levels in Africa
Malaria cases and deaths are decreasing and 42 countries are on track to meeting the MDG"

Editors Note: Always give the good news first, and now for the bad news:

The Bad:

  • Fewer than half of all mothers giving birth in Africa received skilled assistance
  • Despite progress in combating the HIV/AIDS epidemic, the number of new infections far outpaces the number of people put on treatment each day
  • Pneumonia and diarrhea continue to be two of the top killers of children globally
  • Under-nutrition among children remains common in many parts of the world and is increasing in Africa

The Ugly:

  • A staggering 2.6 billion people have no access to sanitation including a hygienic toilet or latrine and 1.1 billion people defecate in the open
  • Many countries are now facing a double burden of disease from increasing chronic diseases such as heart disease and diabetes as they continue to address infectious diseases in already over stressed health systems

This really just scratches the surface of the amount of public health data available in the report. Compiled from 193 member states and over 100 indicators, the World Health Statistics 2011 provides a comprehensive summary of not only causes for mortality and morbidity but health service coverage, risk factors, health workforce and infrastructure and health expenditure.

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