israel and middle east: "Abraham had two sons: Ishmael and Isaac. (Read Torah: Genesis Chapters 16, 17, 21, and 22.) Ishmael was Abraham’s son by his Egyptian maid, Hagar. Ishmael became the 'father' of the Arab nations; he was the son 'of the flesh', not the son which G-d had promised to Abraham. Isaac was the 'son of the promise', but Ishmael was the result of Abraham trying to 'help G-d out' - trying to help G-d keep His word. Have you ever tried to do this? Have you ever acted too quickly instead of waiting with patience for the promise of G-d to come to pass?
In Genesis 21:12, G-d said unto Abraham, 'in Isaac shall your seed be called.' Through the line of Isaac the promised 'seed' would come who would bless the world. Isaac had twin sons named Esau and Jacob. Even though Jacob was the younger, he inherited the blessing, or 'birthright', form his father Isaac (Torah: Bereshith / Genesis 25:19-34).
Jacob’s name was changed to Israel one time after he had wrestled with an angel of G-d all night (Torah: Genesis Chapter 32). The name 'Jacob' means 'heel catcher' or 'supplanter' (one who displaces, as he did to his brother Esau in regard to the birthright)."